The TENO Dagger
Organizational Facts. The Technical Emergency Corps (TENO) was formed on September 30, 1919, to assist the German population during times of crisis and disaster resulting from natural catastrophies. It functioned under the pre-Nazi Weimar Republic as a society of technical volunteers who were called to duty in the event of a public disaster. The Corps provided essential services during emergencies with its personnel being highly trained in fire fighting, decontamination, etc.
TENO men were distributed throughout the cities, industrial centers, and major traffic hubs for the repair and maintenance of public utilities. The Nazis realized the potential value of the TENO and reorganized the Corps in 1939 as one of the main Party formations under the auspices of the German Police. The commander of the TENO prior to World War II was SS Gruppenfuehrer Schmelcher.
Subsequently, he was placed in charge of technical affairs of the SS and was succeeded by SS Gruppenfuehrer Weinreich. The services of the Corps were required extensively after the outbreak of war in army rear areas and occupied territories, thus freeing army engineers and personnel for other tasks. During the conduct of the war the TENO became an almost integral part of the Waffen SS.
Type. Subordinate Hewer. Awarded to selected full-time subordinate members of the TN. The hewer could only be purchased through official TN channels.Year Adopted. 1938.
Description. This massive sidearm was intended for actual use in emergencies as an axe or hacking knife. The sole manufacturer of the TENO sidearms was the Carl Eickhom firm of Solingen. The hilt and scabbard metal fittings are nickel plated. The two white or orange celluloid grips, each marked on the inside with a small Eickhorm squirrel trademark (note: the reproductions are missing this feature), are retained in place by two countersunk bolts. The TENO cogwheel device is incorporated into the pommel, and the TENO eagle and swastika emblem appear on the crossguard. The heavy steel blade is bolo-shaped and intended for field use. A shallow fuller appears on each side of the blade. The large metal scabbard is painted lacquer. Each hewer was numbered for issue, with the number appearing on the blade underneath the langet and the corresponding number on the upper lip of the scabbard throat.
Length. 40 cms (15.8").
Collector Availability. Rare
Johnson & Ormsby: "Daggers of WWII Germany", Clay Communications Group, 1980